The European Commission announced that research funded from 2014 onwards will have to be made Open Access via either the Green route (archiving, post publication e.g. in the UEA Institutional Repository, via PURE) or Gold route to open access. Papers must be available through one of these routes within 6 months of publication (for science subjects) or 12 months (other disciplines).
The European Research Council (established by the European Commission) Open Access Policy states:
- The ERC requires that all peer-reviewed publications from ERC-funded research projects be deposited on publication into an appropriate research repository where available, such as PubMed Central, ArXiv or an institutional repository, and subsequently made Open Access within 6 months of publication.
- The ERC considers essential that primary data are deposited to the relevant databases as soon as possible, preferably immediately after publication and in any case not later than 6 months after the date of publication.
The Commission will provide Funds to support Gold open access publishing so long as they are included in the original grant and so it is important not to underestimate the costs associated with open access to meet their requirements. Open access to scientific publications is a general principle of Horizon 2020. All articles produced with funding from Horizon 2020 will have to either:
- immediately be made accessible online by the publisher. Up-front publication costs can be eligible for reimbursement by the European Commission;
- or researchers will make their articles available through an open access repository no later than six months (12 months for articles in the fields of social sciences and humanities) after publication.
A similar approach to access to research data is now also being piloted.