Europe faces huge challenges in reducing inequality and social exclusion. 80 million people are at risk of poverty and 14 million young people are not in education, employment or training. The EU has also not yet overcome the economic crisis which has led to unemployment rates of 12% in general and 20% among the youth. This brings a number of important social, economic and political challenges.
Europe has to rise to the challenges posed by global interdependencies and unprecedented transformations, which strongly affect its capacity to ensure economic growth and more jobs, social stability and a recognised diplomatic position in world matters. However, it suffers from sluggish growth, difficulties to effectively implement structural reforms in favour of innovation and employment, and increasing scepticism among citizens, especially young people, that Europe may not be well-equipped to get quickly out of the crisis.
For 2018-20, the Europe in a Changing World - Inclusive, Innovative and Reflective Societies Societal Challenge (SC6) will tackle three major challenges currently faced by the EU:
- Producing evidence-based recommendations for the global and European governance of migration of third country nationals as well as innovative (including ICT) solutions for the successful integration of migrants into European host societies;
- Providing alternative policy options to the compounded socioeconomic and cultural origins and effects in Europe of the fourth industrial revolution in a context of globalisation and digitisation;
- Enhancing the evidence base and providing sound policy and technological options in order to develop adapted governance structures at various relevant levels.